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周恩来一生最后一次远行拖病体与毛泽东连夜密谈何事

时间:2019-07-13
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周恩来和毛泽东数据地图

编者注:《世纪风采》发表文章《聚焦周恩来生命中的若干“最后一次”》。在1974年12月23日的文章中,周恩来飞往长沙与毛泽东会面,讨论党的重要任务,两人做了“长沙决策”。这也是周恩来离开北京的最后一次,摘录如下。

1974年12月23日,根据中央政治局的意见,周恩来和王宏文前往长沙向毛泽东汇报第四届全国人民代表大会的筹备工作。

在旅行之前,医务人员再次发现周恩来有隐血,需要立即检查。周恩来自己也明白,这么长的旅程会使情况恶化。然而,在这个决定党和国家命运的决策点上,他毫不犹豫地坚定地对医生说:“既然我把我放在历史的舞台上,我就必须完成历史使命。”负责周恩来医疗工作的叶剑英不得不重复三次。和周恩来一起去的医务人员:为了党和国家的最大利益,我们不能改变计划,但我们必须尽一切努力确保周总理的安全。

当天中午,身体虚弱的周恩来离开医院,飞往长沙。当他登上飞机时,他移动很慢,他非常努力,而且他有点摇晃。在旅行期间,总理杯的手也在颤抖。下午,抵达长沙。王宏文也抵达了另一架飞机。

At the station of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Hongwen met with Mao Zedong. From this day to the 27th, Mao Zedong and the two had a four-time conversation. During the hearing, Mao Zedong talked about several opinions. First, he criticized the "Gang of Four" headed by Jiang Qing. Mao Zedong severely warned Wang Hongwen "Don't engage in a 'four-person gang'", "do not engage in sectarianism, and engage in sectarianism to wrestle." He also said that "Jiang Qing has ambition." Mao Zedong proposed that Jiang Qing should make self-criticism and ask Wang Hongwen to write a written examination. The second is to highly evaluate Deng Xiaoping. It is said that Deng Xiaoping has "strong political thinking" and "a rare talent." Mao Zedong also adopted Zhou Enlai’s suggestion to propose that Deng Xiaoping be the Standing Committee and Vice Chairman of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and the Vice Premier and Chief of Staff of the State Council at the Second Plenary Session of the Tenth CPC Central Committee held before the Fourth National People’s Congress. The third is about the personnel arrangement of the Fourth National People's Congress. Mao Zedong reiterated that "the prime minister is our prime minister." After the opening of the National People's Congress, the Prime Minister can feel comfortable with his illness. The work of the State Council is topped by Deng Xiaoping. Mao Zedong also put forward some specific opinions on the candidates for the chairmanship, vice chairman and vice premier of the Fourth People's Congress and the ministers of various ministries.

On the night of the 26th, Mao Zedong specially talked about Zhou Enlai alone. Fighting side by side, honoring and dissuading the two old comrades who have lived together for nearly 50 years, and talked for a long time until dawn. Mao Zedong said to Zhou En: "Why Lenin said that he should make clear the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. If this issue is not clear, it will become revisionism. Let the country know." Mao Zedong also said: "To liberate one as soon as possible." The cadres must be stable and united and must carry out the national economy. They also exchanged views on the appointment of the party and state leaders, and finally finalized the personnel arrangement plan for the Second Plenary Session of the Tenth CPC Central Committee and the Fourth Session of the National People's Congress. After listening to Zhou Enlai’s report, Mao Zedong said that he already knew that Jiang Qing and Zhang Chunqiao had serious political and historical problems.

xxZhou Enlai’s last trip to the disease did not ruin the mission. The "Changsha decision-making" jointly made by Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai has far-reaching significance. It has smashed the conspiracy of the "Gang of Four" led by Jiang Qing, who has long attempted to "organize the cabinet." This is obviously of vital importance to the future development of the situation in China and the destiny of the Chinese nation.

[This article is excerpted: Communist Party of China News, Author: Anonymous, original entitled:《1974年周恩来最后一次抱病远行与毛泽东作出“长沙决策”》]

(Source: People's Network)

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